Guide for Authors

JHWE Template (English & Persian Abstract) ".PDf" & EndNote Style


All submitted manuscript for evaluation should follow the JHWE Template (English). Accepted manuscripts  are required to be provided in JHWE  template for Final Publication (English & Persian). Failure to meet the format will result  inrejection by the journal office.



Manuscripts should be prepared with numbered lines, with wide margins and double spacing throughout, i.e., also for abstracts and references. Every page of the manuscript, including the title page, references, tables, etc. should be numbered.

It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible.

Article structure

Subdivision - numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

The Introduction Section should first provide an adequate background and an analysis of the state of the art identifying the existing shortcomings of the subject matter being addressed. On this basis, the description of the objectives should give a clear view of the originality of the manuscript. A summary of the paper content or a repetition of results should be avoided.

Material and methods
Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.

A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.

Results and Discussion

Results should be clear and concise. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented separately as a short Conclusions section. The progress with respect to the available research and the critical elements of the proposed investigation should also be discussed.

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

Essential title page information
• Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

  • Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the English transliteration. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

  • Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.

  • Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.


An abstract is often presented separately from the article and it is the section of the paper that ensures a wide dissemination due to on-line free access and high visibility provided by multiple Abstract & Indexing services. So, it must be able to stand alone and motivate the reading of the whole paper.

The abstract should match the following framework in the specified sequence:

  • short description of the problem targeted (the abstract should not include general elements that are typical of Introduction Section);
  • description of the article novelties;
  • description of the methodologies;
  • a summary of the main results;
  • specific conclusions, ideally in the context of the current knowledge.

Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 6 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.

Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.

Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.

Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the authors.

Citations in the text:
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list, they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either "Unpublished results" or "Personal communication". Citation of a reference as "in press" implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

Reference management software

Journal of Hydraulic and Water Engineering (JHWE) journal has its reference template available in the web site of this journal based on EndNote software. EndNote has a plugin for Microsoft Word called 'Cite While You Write'. This tool allows you to automatically insert citations and reference lists directly into your work as you write.

Users of Endnote Desktop can easily install the reference style for this journal by clicking the following link:
When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using the Endnote plug-ins for Microsoft Word.

Reference Style
Text: All citations in the text should refer to:
1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication; for example (Emamgholizadeh, 2021);
2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication; for example (Emamgholizadeh and Fathi, 2021);
3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al." and the year of publication; for example (Emamgholizadeh et al., 2021).

Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. For Notes containing more than one citation, references should be seperated by a semi-colon.
Examples: "as demonstrated (Emamgholizadeh, 2020a, 2020, 1999; Emamgholizadeh and Fathi, 2020). Azmathullah et al. (2005) have recently shown ....".

List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.


Reference to a journal publication:

Azmathullah, H.M., Deo, M., Deolalikar, P., 2005. Neural networks for estimation of scour downstream of a ski-jump bucket. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 131(10): 898-908.

Emamgholizadeh, S., Fathi-Moghdam, M., 2014. Pressure flushing of cohesive sediment in large dam reservoirs. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 19(4): 674-681.

Emamgholizadeh, S., Moslemi, K., Karami, G., 2014. Prediction the groundwater level of bastam plain (Iran) by artificial neural network (ANN) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). Water resources management, 28(15): 5433-5446.

Fathi-Moghadam, M., Emamgholizadeh, S., Bina, M., Ghomeshi, M., 2010. Physical modelling of pressure flushing for desilting of non-cohesive sediment. Journal of Hydraulic Research, 48(4): 509-514.

Torabi Poudeh, H., Emamgholizadeh, S., Fathi-Moghadam, M., 2013. Experimental study of the velocity of density currents in convergent and divergent channels. International Journal of Sediment Research, 28(2): 254-259.


Reference to a Book

Julien, P.Y., 2010. Erosion and sedimentation. Cambridge university press, 365 pp.


Emamgholizadeh, S., 2020. Erosion and Sedimentation in Rivers and Reservoirs. Shahrood University of Technology Press, 510 pp.


Reference to a Conference paper

Emamgholizadeh, S.,  Rahimian, M., Kiani, M., Naseri Rekavandi, M.A.. 2012. Forecasting groundwater level of Shahrood plain in Iran with stochastic and artificial neural network models. Groundwater Modeling and Management under Uncertainty- Hadi & Copty (Eds)@ 2013 Taylor & Francis Group, London, ISBN 978-1-138-00012-4.


Duncan, H.P., Mitchell, V.G., 2008. A stochastic demand generator for domestic water use, Hydrology and Water Resources Symposium and the International Conference on Water Resources and Environment Research 2008. Engineers Australia, pp. 725-736.